|Elliott Wave Theory||
The stock market usually closes at 4:00pm. After this scheduled time,
deals can also be made but the transaction is dated the next day, known
as an after-hours deal.
Arbitrage: The simultaneous
purchase of a security on one stock market and the sale of the same
security on another stock market at prices which yield a profit.
Beta: A measurement of the
relationship between the price of a stock and the movement of the whole
Bargain: Regarding sale or
purchase in the stock market, bargain is a common word.
Stocks: This is the
stock that is unregistered with the owner’s name.
Price: This term
indicates the sale price of stocks or shares.
Chip: These are shares
of big and reputed companies.
Bull: A person who considers
the share price of the stock exchange to be on the rise.
Bear: A person who considers the share price of the stock exchange to be on the fall.
Capital: The amount of money used
for setting up a new business.
Dividend: These are
shares that are sold, allowing the buyer to receive the following
Option: An option which
gives the holder the right, but not the obligation, to buy a fixed
amount of a certain stock at a specified price within a specified time.
Calls are purchased by investors who expect a price increase.
Dealing: This means the purchase
and sale of shares.
Debenture: The stock
that a company issues which are backed by assets.
Dividend: The part of the
company’s profits which is usually distributed to company’s
shareholders, normally on regular basis.
Equities: These are the ordinary
shares. They are different from debenture and also from loan stock.
Ex-dividend: The share which is
bought without any right for receiving the next dividend. This is
usually retained by sellers.
Earnings per Share: The amount of profit each share of a company is entitled to.
Dividend: This is the
dividend which is declared according to the company’s annual results.
Futures: Contracts that allow any
holder the legal right to buy or sell Indexes and Commodities in the
future at a price set today.
Gross: The interest
paid without deducting of tax.
for when a company is planning an IPO.
Hedge: This means to insure the
IPO: Short for Initial Public
Offering. An IPO is when a company sells stock in itself for the first
Trading: There are two
types of insider trading. The first type occurs when insiders trade in
the stock of their company. Insiders must report these transactions to
the appropriate securities commissions. The other type of insider
trading is when anyone trades securities based on material information
that is not public knowledge. This type of insider trading is illegal.
Public Offering: The
issue of new shares by a previously private company as it becomes a
Order: This is an order
to any stockbroker specifying any fixed price limit.
Order: An order to buy
or sell stock at a specified price. The order can be executed only at
the specified price or better. A limit order sets the maximum price the
client is willing to pay as a buyer, and the minimum price they are
willing to accept as a seller.
Account: A client
account that uses credit from the investment dealer to buy a security. A
client needs to deposit a margin amount with the balance advanced by the
investment dealer against collateral such as investments. The investment
dealer can make a margin call, which means the client must deposit more
money or securities if the value of the account falls below a certain
level. If the client does not meet the margin call, the dealer can sell
the securities in the margin account at a possible loss to cover the
balance owed. The investment dealer also charges the client interest on
the money borrowed to buy the securities.
Market: The place where buyers
and sellers meet to exchange goods and services. It also represents the
actual or potential demand for a product or service.
number of issued and outstanding securities listed for trading for an
individual issue multiplied by the board lot trading price. Should a
trading price not be available, a bid price, a price on another market,
or if applicable, the price for an issue of the same issuer which the
first issue is convertible into, may be used. Total market
capitalization for a market is obtained by adding together all
individual issue market capitalizations (warrants and rights excluded).
Escrowed shares are excluded from TSX Venture market capitalization.
Maker: A trader employed
by a securities firm who is required to maintain reasonable liquidity in
securities markets by making firm bids or offers for one or more
designated securities up to a specified minimum guaranteed fill. Market
makers for the stock of issuers listed on Toronto Stock Exchange are
referred to as Registered Traders.
Fund: A fund managed by
an expert who invests in stocks, bonds, options, money market
instruments or other securities. Mutual fund units can be purchased
through brokers or, in some cases, directly from the mutual fund
Market Cap: The
amount of money you would have to pay if you bought ever share of stock
in a company. [To find out what it is, multiply the number of
shares by the price per share.] Short for Market Capitalization.
Price: Refers to the
specific price at which one can buy stocks and shares.
Options: The term means the right
to purchase (call option) and sell (put option) a
particular share at a particular price within a particular period.
Share: This is a share
where the dividends usually vary in the amount.
the Counter Market (OTC): Refers
to a marketplace outside the main stock market.
Portfolio: A selection of shares
usually held by a person or fund.
Proxy: Anybody who votes on
another person’s behalf if the person is unable to attend a
Share: A share represents an
investor's ownership in a "share" of the profits, losses, and
assets of a company. It is created when a business carves itself
into pieces and sells them to investors in exchange for cash.
Symbol: A short
group of letters that represents a particular stock [e.g., "Coca
Cola" is referred to as "KO"].
Underwriter: The financial institution
or investment bank that is doing all of the paperwork and orchestrating
a company's IPO
Yield: The gross dividend
presented as the percentage of the share price.
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